Scouts working on the Fishing merit badge learn to safely catch, clean, and cook fish. They familiarize themselves with a variety of fishing equipment and the knots needed to use it. They also learn about different species of fish and types of baits.
There is also a merit badge specifically for fly fishing.
Fishing is an elective merit badge.
Fishing Merit Badge Resources
See the current requirement from the Fishing merit badge pamphlet below.
Help with Answers for the Fishing Merit Badge Requirements
Find specific helps for some of the Fishing merit badge requirements listed below. Some of these resources will just give the answers. Others will provide engaging ways for older Scouts to introduce these concepts to new Scouts.
Fishing Merit Badge Requirement 1: Hazards and Safety
Requirement 1 Helps and Answers
- Bad weather
- Heavy waves or fast currents
- Heat exhaustion or heat stroke
- Cuts and scrapes
- Insect bites
- Wounds from fishhooks
The Weather Hazards online course from BSA will help you be prepared for all types of weather. This is especially important if you will be fishing from a boat.
When you are doing first aid instruction, it is best to demonstrate it as much as possible. Here is a simple method.
For a more elaborate demonstration for Tenderfoot requirement 4, try this method of making a fake wound on a “victim” or two.
- Encourage the wound to bleed to flush out dirt and debris
- If an object is embedded, sterilize a tweezers with heat and pull the object out
- Clean the site with soap and water
- Allow the wound to air dry
- Cover the area with a clean, dry dressing
- Get a tetanus booster if necessary
Insect Bites and Stings
- Wash the area with soap and water
- Avoid scratching
- Seek medical attention immediately if you become ill, have difficulty breathing, or have severe pain and swelling
While most tick bites won’t cause more than minor irritation, if treated incorrectly complications may occur.
Learn how to avoid and treat hypothermia.
To prevent dehydration, drink plenty of fluids and eat foods high in water such as fruits and vegetables.
You can usually reverse mild to moderate dehydration by drinking more fluids, but severe dehydration needs immediate medical treatment.
You can prevent heat problems, using these tips:
- Avoid hard exercise during the hottest part of the day.
- If you’re not in shape, slow down and let your body adjust.
- Make sure you acclimate to the environment and get in shape before the event.
- Dress in layers and wear clothing that breathes and wicks moisture away from you.
- Eat snacks that contain a little salt.
- Drink water and keep drinking it.
If you or someone else has heat exhaustion, treat symptoms in the following ways.
- Get out of the heat quickly and into a cool place, or at least shade.
- Lie down and elevate your legs to get blood flowing to your heart.
- Take off any tight or extra clothing.
- Apply cool towels to your skin or take a cool bath. This will help regulate and lower your internal body temperature.
- Drink fluids, such as water or a sports drink. Do not guzzle them, but take sips. Do not drink fluids with caffeine or alcohol.
- Avoid being in the sun between 10am and 4pm
- Wear a broad-brimmed hat, a long sleeved shirt, long pants, and UV blocking sunglasses
- Use sunscreen with an SPF of at least 30
- Reapply sunscreen every 2 hours or if you are sweating or swimming
- First, cut any fishing line, fish, bait, or lure from the fish hook. This is best done with sharp, side-cutting pliers.
- Use ice or cold water for 2 to 3 minutes to numb the area.
- If the barb of the fish hook has not entered the skin, pull the tip of the hook back out.
- If the barb is embedded in the skin, first try the string-pull method.
Read more, including when you should seek medical help instead of removing the hook yourself.
Safety Practices While Fishing
- Don’t fish alone
- Bring a first-aid kit.
- Take precautions to prevent heat reactions, dehydration, or hypothermia.
- Wear sunscreen.
- Limit physical activity.
- Wear eye protection (e.g., sunglasses) and a hat.
- Slipping, falling into underwater holes, being swept down river by flowing water, lightning and storms, and vulnerability to large wild animals are additional concerns. The farther out you go, the risks increase—so be prepared!
- Write a trip plan and leave it with someone.
Fishing Merit Badge Requirement 2: Fishing Outfits
Requirement 2 Helps and Answers
- Spincast reel
- Spinning reel
- Baitcasting reel
Read more about the designs, advantages, disadvantages, and casting techniques for each of these.
Caring for Your Gear
- Wash after use and allow to dry thoroughly
- Oil and lubricate the reel
- Never store in direct sunlight or in a hot car
- Avoid getting sunscreen or insect repellent on the lines
Fishing Merit Badge Requirement 3: Proper Use of Fishing Equipment
Requirement 3 Helps and Answers
Fishing Merit Badge Requirement 4: Fishing Knots
Requirement 4 Helps and Answers
This article shows how to tie:
- Improved clinch knot
- Palomar knot
- Turtle knot
- Blood knot
- Double surgeon’s knot
- Wire line to mono knot
- Tucked sheet bend
- Snelling a hook
Fishing Merit Badge Requirement 5: Lures and Baits
Requirement 5 Helps and Answers
Explain Why Baitfish Are Not to Be Released
Moving baitfish from one body of water to another increases the risk of spreading invasive species and fish health concerns. Be aware that releasing live bait and bait water can introduce undesirable fish, parasites, or diseases to native fish.
Fishing Merit Badge Requirement 6: Ethics
Requirement 6 Helps and Answers
Leave No Trace
The 7 Principles of LNT:
- Plan ahead and prepare
- Travel and camp on durable surfaces
- Dispose of waste properly
- Leave what you find
- Minimize campfire impacts
- Respect wildlife
- Be considerate of others
Leave No Trace and Fishing
- Dispose of waste properly when cleaning fish. Check for local recommendations.
- Don’t dump baitfish to avoid introducing invasive species.
- Properly dispose of the clipped ends of fishing lines.
Catch and Release
fishing to help ensure quality
fishing for future anglers. The motto,
“Limit your kill; don’t kill your limit” should be part of every Leave No Trace experience.
Minimizing Fish Stress for Catch and Release
- Use barbless hooks
- Cut the line if the fish is hooked deeply and removing the hook may cause significant harm
- Don’t fight the fish too long when landing it. Use appropriate rod and line for the type of fish in the area.
- Avoid fishing mid-day when the water is warm.
- When holding the fish, keep it positioned so water is flowing over it. Let it swim away when recovered.
Fishing Merit Badge Requirement 7: Regulations
Requirement 7 Helps and Answers
How to Find Local Fishing Regulations
Regulations vary from state to state. Check with your state’s department of natural resources to find regulations in your area.
Just click on your state to find out about licensing requirements, exceptions, and how to get a license.
Fishing Merit Badge Requirement 8: Sportsmanlike Behavior
Requirement 8 Helps and Answers
As an American, I will do my best to
Be clean in my outdoor manners
Be careful with fire
Be considerate in the outdoors
Fishing and the Outdoor Code
- Clean up after yourself.
- Be considerate by letting upstream anglers have the right of way.
- Don’t disturb other anglers in the area.
- Don’t cross someone’s property without permission.
- Follow conservation laws.
Fishing Merit Badge Requirement 9: Catch a Fish
Requirement 9 Helps and Answers
Fishing Merit Badge Requirement 10: Clean and Cook a Fish
See how to clean bluegill, largemouth bass, and catfish.
Scout Logan Guleff won the MasterChef Junior TV cooking competition for kids. See his recipe for making fish in a foil pack. You can use his recipe for this Fishing merit badge requirement.